Cultural Heritage and the Identity Leap Backward

  • Antoanela Petkovska University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
  • Valentina Poceska National conservation centre, Skopje

Abstract

The goal of this study is the identification of the disintegrative effects that the current cultural politics of the governing elite in the Republic of Macedonia has had on the cultural system in the Republic of Macedonia and our analysis is based on several sociological theories. The starting point of this paper is the idea of a leaping evolution (Veblen) which states that there is a possibility for the imposition of certain leaps in the process of evolution, taken from the cultural dynamics of other societies. The intention to create an identity leap backwards in history is recognizable in the design of the contemporary cultural politics of the Republic of Macedonia. The present national identity of the Macedonian society is being redefined in a pathetic and megalomaniac manner with reference to tradition of antiquity, on the one hand, and to non-existent connections with foreign traditions, mainly European, from the nineteenth century. Simultaneously there is a perfid methodology taking place of latently erasing the collective memory connected to a long period of our history, namely the process of migration of the Slavs on the Balkans and the long-lasting existence of this culture to this day. Our analysis is focused on the cultural politics of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia in the last decade. It shows an intensifying effort for emphasizing, reshaping and recreating certain elements of our own heritage ("inventing tradition", Hobsbawm). In the core of these endeavours there is a clearly recognizable ideological discourse, put in the function of reshaping the past and our view of it, even with methods of falsifying spiritual and material facts. Evidence for these tendencies can be found in the field of the priorities in the treatment of archaeology, conservation and presentation of the cultural heritage, in architecture and the shaping of the public space in general. The conceptual solutions designed in some of the social and humanistic sciences also allow a frame of preference of this inconsistency of the cultural politics and the creation of additional conditions for cultural trauma (Sztompka).

References

[1] Bourdieu, Pierre. La distinction critique sociale du jugement. Paris. Les éditiones de minuit.1979. Print.
[2] Egloff, Brian and Comer, Douglas C., 2008, „Conserving the Archaeological Soul of Places: Drafting guidelines for the ICAHM Charter“, во: 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Finding the spirit of place – between the tangible and the intangible’, 29 sept – 4 oct 2008, Quebec, Canada, Web.
[3] Giddens, Antony. Runaway World – How Globalisation is Reshaping our Lives. London. Profile books.2002. Print.
[4] Hobsbawm, Eric. Ranger, Terence. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.1983. Print.
[5] Lewis, A. Coser. Masters of Sociological Thought – Ideas in Historical and Social Context. New York. HARCOURT BRACE JOVANOVICH. 1971. Print.
[6] Petkovska,A. and Dimitrovska,M. “Some Tendencies of Contemporary Cultural Politics in the Republic of Macedonia”. In: International Journal of Science. Balkan’s Flavour. “Mankind Tracks”. Auckland: NZ. 2013, Volume 3. Print.
[7] Sorokin, Pitirim, 1957 (First ed. 1937-1941), Social and Cultural Dynamics, Englewood Cliffs N.Y.: Bedminster Press. Print.
[8] Sztompka, Piotr. “Cultural Trauma: The Other Face of Social Change”. In: European Journal of Social Theory. 2000 3:449. London:Sage
[9] Поцеска, Валентина, 2014, Современите филозофии на конзервација и нивното влијание во Македонија, необјавена докторска десертација, Скопје, УКИМ.
[10] Ташева, Марија. Социолошки теории. Скопје. Универзитет „Св. Кирил и Методиј“.1999. Print.
Published
2016-07-13
How to Cite
PETKOVSKA, Antoanela; POCESKA, Valentina. Cultural Heritage and the Identity Leap Backward. Култура/Culture, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 13, p. 182-189, july 2016. ISSN 1857-7725. Available at: <http://journals.cultcenter.net/index.php/culture/article/view/257>. Date accessed: 07 may 2021.
Section
English Articles