Homeland and Diaspora: Connection Through Spaces
Definitions of ‘diaspora’ differ. However, one commonly accepted feature of the concept is that diaspora assumes return and, as emphasized in the paper, return is permanent, even if it is virtual or metaphorical. This, probably, is the main factor that distinguishes diasporas from communities who only carry ethnic heritage and traditions, without maintain connections to the homeland. Unlike cases of only ethnic communities, diasporans maintain links to the homeland on a permanent basis, aimed at preserving the national identity and preventing assimilation. Diasporas, being physically in the host country, at the same time, maintain loyalty to the homeland, and loyalty to the non-territorial transnation prevails. The relationship between diaspora and the homeland is changing over time as a result of various changes and transformations, in particular, political, such as achieving political independence and establishment of a sovereign nation-state. Many nation-states, who have diaspora abroad, are applying an inclusionary approach toward the latter, aimed at strengthening the power of the state and strengthening and promoting the national identity. The paper discusses ‘diaspora return’ as the core factor for homeland’s inclusionary approach toward its diaspora, within the framework of key geographic concepts of ‘space’ and ‘place’. With space interpreted in a different form, space as place is seen vital in homeland-diaspora relations. Place-centrism is emphasized as an essential condition for transforming the homeland into a specific place of return.
 Ben-Rafael, Eliezer, Diaspora, Current Sociology, SAGE, 61 (5-6) 842-861 (2013), pp. 842-861.
 Brah, Avtar, Cartographies of Diaspora: Contesting Identities, Routledge, 1996.
 Brubaker, Rogers, The ‘Diaspora’ Diaspora, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 28 No. 1, January 2005, pp. 1-19.
 Cohen, Robin, New Roles for Diasporas in International Relations, Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, University of Toronto Press, Diaspora 14:1 (2005), pp. 179-183.
 Dufoix, Stephane, Diasporas, University of California Press, 2008.
 Georgiou, Myria, Diaspora, Identity and the Media: Diasporic Transnationalism and Mediated Spatialities, Hampton Press, 2006.
 Holloway, Sarah L., Rice, Stephen P., and Valentine, Gill, Key Concepts in Geography, SAGE, 2003.
 Hubbard, Phil and Kitchin, Rob, Key Thinkers on Space and Place, SAGE, 2011.
 Kalra, Virinder S., Kaur, Raminder, and Hutnyk, John, Diaspora and Hybridity, SAGE Publications, 2005.
 Kenny, Kevin, Diaspora: a Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2013.
 Knott, Kim and McLoughlin, Sean (editors), Diasporas: Concepts, Intersections, Identities, Zed Books, London-New York, 2010.
 Kotkin, Joel, Tribes: How Race, Religion, and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy, Random House, 1993.
 Longley, Paul A, Goodchild, Michael F., Maguire, David J., and Rhind, David W. (editors), Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications, 2nd Edition, Abridged. Wiley, 2005.
 Massey, Doreen, For Space, SAGE, 2012.
 McKittrick, Katherine, Diaspora, Elsevier, 2009.
 Morley, David and Robins, Kevin, Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries, Routledge, London and New York, 2002.
 Panossian, Razmig, Between Ambivalence and Intrusion: Politics and Identity in Armenia-Diaspora Relations, Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, Volume 7, Number 2 (Fall 1998), pp. 149-196.
 Sarkisian O. L. (et al), Problems of National Identity under Globalization, Russian-Armenian University Press, 2014.
 Skrbis, Zlatko, Long-Distance Nationalism, Ashgate, 1999.
 Soja, Edward W., Postmodern Geographies: The Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory, Verso, 1989.
 Tololyan, Khachig, Elites and Institutions in the Armenian Transnation, Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, University of Toronto Press, Volume 9, Number 1 (Spring 2000), pp. 107-136
 Tuan, Yi-Fu, Space and Place: the Perspective of Experience, University of Minnesota Press, 2011.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Култура/Culture by MI-AN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.