Nomadism – the Right to Non-identity

  • Doris Pandžić University of Ljubljana

Abstract

The text presents theories of nomadism by Felix Guattari, Gilles Deleuze and Vilém Flusser, explains the terminology used in these theories and applies it in the characters analysis of literary works of post-Yugoslav writers. Nomadism as a philosophy advocates non-defining – by place, time and identity. Literary works were analyzed and compared: Скриена камера by Lidija Dimkovska, Čefurji raus! by Goran Vojnović, Snežni čovek by David Albahari and Muzej bezuvjetne predaje by Dubravka Ugrešić. Character analysis based on the theory of nomadism shows non-rootedness and non-determination of the subject, but also his striving for non-dedication. The subject does not feel devotion to a nation, language or culture. Considering the fact that he does not feel determination in any situation, he is not a cosmopolite. Nomadic subject want to keep his right to non-identity and criticizes default, collective identities. Nomadism is a theory that advocates the destruction of tradition, distinctly territorially bounded and national culture and language, and the establishment of a distinctly defined identity. Nomadic subjects use computing techniques, construction of reality from parts of different cultures and languages (nomadic collage), which destroys their previous, distinctly defined identity and creates a fluid, ambiguous identity – non-identity.

References

[1] Albahari, David, Snežni čovek, EPH Liber, Zagreb, 2009.
[2] Augé, Marc, Non-Places, Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity, Verso, London, New York, 1995.
[3] Bhabha, Homi, The Location of Culture, Routledge, London and New York, 1994.
[4] Biti, Vladimir, Doba svjedočenja: tvorba identiteta u suvremenoj hrvatskoj prozi, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2005.
[5] Benhabib, Seyla, Pravice drugih : tujci, rezidenti in državljani, Ulčakar & JK, Ljubljana: Krtina, 2010.
[6] Čovjek/prostor/vrijeme, književnoantropološke studije iz hrvatske književnosti, Disput, Zagreb, 2006.
[7] Deleuze, Gilles – Guattari, Félix, Anti-Oedipus, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2000.
[8] Deleuze, Gilles – Guattari, Félix, A Thousand Plateaus, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, London, 2005.
[9] Deleuze, Gilles – Guattari, Félix, Nomadology: The War Machine, Wormwood Distribution, Seattle, WA, 2010.
[10] Димковска, Лидија, Скриена камера, Магор, Скопје, 2004.
[11] Flusser, Vilém, The Freedom of the Migrant (Objections to Nationalism), University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago, 2003.
[12] Genette, Gérard, Narrative Discourse, an essay in method, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1980.
[13] Kristeva, Julija, Nations Without Nationalism, Columbia University Press, New York, 1993.
[14] Kristeva, Julija, Strangers to Ourselves, Columbia University Press, New York, 1991.
[15] Шелева, Елиѕабета, Дом/Идентитет, Магор, Скопје, 2005.
[16] The invention of Tradition, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
[17] Vidmar Horvat, Ksenija, Globalna kultura, Študentska založba, Ljubljana, 2006.
[18] Ugrešić, Dubravka, Muzej bezuvjetne predaje, Konzor & Samizdat B92, Beograd, 2002.
[19] Vojnović, Goran, Čefurji raus!, Študentska založba, Ljubljana, 2008.
Published
2016-10-01
How to Cite
PANDŽIĆ, Doris. Nomadism – the Right to Non-identity. Култура/Culture, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 14, p. 37-45, oct. 2016. ISSN 1857-7725. Available at: <http://journals.cultcenter.net/index.php/culture/article/view/264>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2018.
Section
English Articles