Teaching and Learning to Read Images and Movies in the Digital Age

  • Michaël Bourgatte Catholic University of Paris

Abstract

With digital technologies and Internet, pictures, movies and videos are increasingly present in our daily lives. Images are an excellent way to be informed, to communicate and, obviously, to learn. This phenomenon questions the educational stakeholders (public authorities, teachers, researchers, etc.) who are seeking solutions to better train and support learners to understand the meaning of images and to be able to analyze them. In this context, we have set up educational activities with a film analysis software to promote the discovery of cinema. Two questions were asked at the beginning of the project. The first one relates to building competencies about film language with the help of digital technologies. The second question relates to the effects produced by the use of this very software in the classroom. To answer these questions, one must refer Gregory Bateson’s notion of double bind.

References

[1] Archat C., Bourgatte M. (2014), « Vers des formes instrumentées d’enseignement : le cas de l’analyse de contenus audiovisuels », Eduquer-Former, 46, 69-92.

[2] Bateson, G. (1972 [1969]), Steps to an Ecology of the Mind: A Revolutionary Approach to Man's Understanding of Himself, Chandler Publishing Company.

[3] Bloch P. H., Richins M. (1983), « Shopping Without Purchase: an Investigation of Consumer Browsing Behavior », Advances in Consumer Research, vol. 10, 389-393.

[4] Boltanski L., Chiapello E. (2005 [1999]), The New Spirit of Capitalism, London-New York, Verso.

[5] Bordwell D. & Thompson K. (2009 [1979]), Film Art: An Introduction. Readin, Addison-Wesley.

[6] Certeau M. (de) (1984 [1980]), The Practice of Everyday Life, University of California Press.

[7] Chomsky N. (1962), « The Logical Basis of Linguistic Theory », Papers from the 9th International Congress of Linguists, 27-31 August 1962, Cambridge, 509-574.

[8] CNC – Centre National de la Cinématographie et des Images Animées français (2012), L’utilisation des réseaux haut débit en France, Online: http://www.cnc.fr/web/fr/etudes/-/ressources/ 2001682.

[9] Dagiral E. (2011), « Une ethnographie de la distance ? Décrire les usages des dispositifs techniques dans les mondes de l’enseignement et de la formation », Eduquer-Former, 42, 75-85.

[10] Dagiral E., Tessier L. (2014), « Explorer les cultures visuelles sur le web », Les Cahiers du Numérique, 3-10, p. 17-35.

[11] Debray R. (2004), Transmitting Culture, Columbia University Press.

[12] Glaser B., Strauss A. (1999 [1967]), The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, Aldine Transaction.

[13] Goffman E. (1986 [1974]), Frame analysis: an Essay on the Organization of Experience, Northeastern University Press.

[14] Goffman E. (1982 [1967]), Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior, Pantheon.

[15] Kaufman P. B., Mohan J. (2009), Video Use and Higher Education: Options for the Future, New-York University, 16 p.

[16] Levi Strauss C. (1973 [1962]), The Savage Mind, The University Of Chicago Press.

[17] Meirieu Ph., Kambouchner D., Stiegler B. (2012), L’école, le numérique et la société qui vient, Paris, Fayard.

[18] Menger P-M. (2014 [2009]), Le travail créateur : s’accomplir dans l’incertain, Paris, Points.

[19] SSF – Service de Soutien à la Formation (2012), « Pourquoi utiliser la vidéo en formation ? », Bulletin Perspectives SSF, Online: https://www.usherbrooke.ca/ssf/veille/bulletins/2012-2013/septembre-2012/le-ssf-veille/pourquoi-utiliser-la-video-en-formation/

[20] Stiegler B. (2008 [2006]), Réenchanter le monde. La valeur esprit contre le populisme industriel, Paris, Flammarion, 176 p.

[21] Winkin Y. (2001), « Proposition pour une anthropologie de l’enchantement », Unité-diversité. Les identités culturelles dans le jeu de la mondialisation, Paris, L’Harmattan, 169–179.

FILMOGRAPHY

[1] Topor R., Laloux R. (1973). Fantastic Planet.

[2] Vigo J. (1930). Something About Nice.

[3] Renoir J. (1937). The Great Illusion.
Published
2015-10-01
How to Cite
BOURGATTE, Michaël. Teaching and Learning to Read Images and Movies in the Digital Age. Култура/Culture, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 12, p. 103-109, oct. 2015. ISSN 1857-7725. Available at: <http://journals.cultcenter.net/index.php/culture/article/view/186>. Date accessed: 28 may 2022.
Section
English Articles

Keywords

teaching, learning, image, movie, digital, technology